Obesity Has Genetic and Environmental Etiology

Obesity has been classified as a disease by the American Medical Association in 2013. It is a complex condition, with serious global consequences. It leads to chronic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and cancers as well as mental health problems and obesity stigma in the society. Physical, social, and economic changes in our environment over the past 40 years have tripled obesity world over. Our children and youth are living today in an obesogenic environment, where there is easy availability of calorie dense foods combined with sedentary lifestyle. Although the environment plays a big role in obesity, research shows that 40% to 70% of people have a genetic predisposition towards it and gain weight more easily or around the midsection. Thus, a cookie cutter approach of eat less and exercise more would not be successful for all individuals who are trying to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. I use individualized meal plans and guidance for my patients/clients to help them achieve their desired weight management goals.

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